KAMAICHA,a bowed instrument with large round belly.Three main gut strings. 9, 11, or 14 sympathetic strings parallel to main strings. The bow can touch these strings. It has a large bridge for this purpose.All strings are tuned to different pitches. The bow is rhythmically used and also has technique to move on sympathetic strings.The body is carved on Mango Wood.
Used by professional caste singers- Manganiars. Instrument is available in Jaisalmer, Badmer and Jalore districts of Rajasthan.
Two pairs of wooden clappers- flat strips of wood. All four pieces loose and independent. Rest under thumb and fore fingers and clapped dexterously. Skilled player creates abundant articulated beat patterns with songs. Played in Badmer-Jaisalmer region by professional caste singers-Manganiars and Langas also. Played by singer himself or as an accompaniment. Can be compared to best of percussion instruments of India.
It is double headed percussion instrument. Dholaks are prepared out of Aam, Beeja, Seesham, Sagwan, Neem, Jamun and Arhusa woods, inside wood is chiselled out to get the required frame. In recent years Dholaks are prepared on lathe machines.
Raw Goat hide (skin) is used on both sides. Left part uses Masala on the centre to keep the pitch low. The hide is bound by cotton cords in such a manner that it can be tightened or loosened at will. There is Kundal (Ring) which takes the grip of stretched hide and cords.
Right side of Dholak has higher pitch and left side has lower pitch. Played by hands on both the sides. Dholak is most important and popular instrument. It is available in each village of Rajasthan .The instrument is played by general people to most sophisticated players belonging to caste musicians.
Morchang is made of iron with vibrating tongue within the frame.The frame is put tightly between the lips and left hand keeps the instrument fixed to the mouth.The finger of the right hand plucks or strikes the tongue.The vibrating (hooked) tongue is enforced by air blown from the cavity of the mouth.It is mainly played by people living in desert area.It weaves rhythmic patterns of beautiful sonal composition.This instrument is also played by a group of persons jointly.The Langas play this instrument with singing or as accompaniment of Sarangi or Satara.