Music of Thar Desert
Manganiar are professional hereditary caste musicians. They mostly live in Jaisalmer and Barmer districts of Rajasthan.They play an interesting string instrument played with a bow. It is know as Kamaicha. The instrument is exclusively played in Rajasthan and some other parts of Sindh in Pakistan.
Manganiars (Though Muslims) sing invariable among Hindu patron families. They serve during childbirth, weddings and other ceremonies. Manganiars are very good are rhythmic instruments like Dholak and Khadtal. Their musical compositions are very complex and have improvisatory rules build into it. Virtuoso rhythm playing has largely added to their success in music.
Manganiars have performed in many countries of the world. They have achieved great success everywhere.
Langas are professional caste musicians. They live in western Rajasthan and provide musical service to Sindhi Sipahi community. They sing songs related to life-passage ceremonies i.e. birth, marriage and related ceremonies or festivals.
Historically for at least four hundred years the group has been providing music on Gujratan and Sindhi Sarangi. This evolved chordophone, the Sindhi Sarangi has helped them to enhance the quality of compositions.
The Langas continue to serve their patrons but for the last two decades, they have become a big force in representing folk music of Rajasthan on all types of electronic and other popular medias. They are widely travelled artists in the whole world. They have a strong voice and have an improvisatory technique to improve the quality of songs.
In the recent years the Langas have taken to rhythm instruments like Dholak and Khadtal. Earlier Dholak was totally tabooed in the group.
Langa are separated into two groups on bases of using folk Instruments and Patrons.
One group is SARANGIYA LANGAS. This group play mainly play String Instruments like Sarangi and other accompany instruments like Dholak and Khadtal.
There is another group which is known as SURNAIYA LANGAS. These Langas play on aerophonic instruments only like Murali, Surnai and Satara. They never sing vocally. Their patrons are Mehar and Manglia Muslims.
Parth of PABUJI (Painted scroll)
The story of Pabu is related to pastrol life of Western arid zone of Rajasthan. Herd of cows is the central point of Pabu’s sacrifice and his acceptance as heroic god in social history of Rajasthan. The historical advent of Pabu came up in 14th century of our medieval period.
Pabu had decided to carve on his own region to rule. He took support from Nayaks and Bhils of that period. He procured horses for his warriors heroic deeds with his companions and finally gives
His life in protection of a herd of cows.
The story is sing by Nayak Bhopas of Rajasthan on a versatile instrument known as Ravanhatta. A man with instrument and women singer as partner, sings the story of Pabu. The whole story may take about 3 nights.
Bhopa & Bhopi Performing Pabu ji Parh story
Pabu is a folk god and is able to mediate in problem of human society. It is due to his miraculous power that he continues to be invoked and worshipped.
The scroll is painted by traditional Joshi painters who live in
The same story is also rendered by Bhils of Barmer region but by two man with vigorous dance. The text and melody of these two forms differs in many ways.
Same story is also told with two pot-drums by other people.
Chotu Ram Bhopa
Priest of Bhaironjee known as Bhairon Bhopa. Bhairon is Famous Rajasthani local deity.
There is lot of shrine find out at Nagour, Badli, Kuchabali in desert part of Rajasthan.
The video is of Chotu Ram Bhopa. He is Bharion Bhopa from Barli village near Jodhpur.
In Barli there is a very famous temple of Bhaironjee.